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The Churchill Society
London.

Now, at this sad and breathless moment,
we are plunged in the hunger and distress
which are the aftermath of our stupendous struggle:
but this will pass and may pass quickly,
and there is no reason except human folly or sub-human crime
which should deny to all the nations the inauguration and enjoyment of an age of plenty.

Winston Churchill.
HOUSE OF COMMONS

May 12th 1949.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Illustrated Monthly Calendar of WWII.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Monthly calendar of events between

May and August 1945.

1945.

The Allies invasion and defeat of Germany.

The Allies invasion and defeat of Germany.

The Allies Defeat of Japan.

The Allies Defeat of Japan.

 

May 1945.

 

Goebbels kills his 6 children and leaves his bunker and orders his SS orderly to shoot him and his wife.

Field Marshal von Rundstedt captured.

1,000,000 German troops in Italy and Austria surrender.

2nd

British 14th Army captures Rangoon

 

Starved to death

Starved to death.

German people forced to view death camp horrors.

Germans surrender in Holland, North Germany, and Denmark.

4th

17 US ships sunk at Okinawa by Kamikaze Japanese bombers.

Germans surrender in Norway.

 

Germans surrender to Montgomery

Germans surrender to the Allies at Luneberg Heath.

 

 

VICTORY IN EUROPE

House of Commons

8th May 1945

THE WAR IN EUROPE IS OVER.

VICTORY IN EUROPE

From the balcony in Whitehall to the vast throngs

8th May 1945

 

8th

London celebrates the end of the war.

VE Day Buckingham Palace

VE Day at the Palace.

 

There was dancing in the streets of London on VE Day.

There was dancing in the streets of London on VE Day.

Europe starving with millions of people homeless and millions of refugees fleeing to the West.

Goering gives himself up to the Americans.

Field Marshall Keital signs German surrender in Berlin.

5th

Patriots in Prague rise against Germans still in occupation.

8th

 

USAAF BOMBS JAPAN

USAF attack Japanese air bases.

Prague liberated.

Churchill Speaks

FORWARD, TILL THE WHOLE TASK IS DONE

13th May 1945

14th

 

USAAF Bombers

2,500 tons of incendiary bombs dropped on Nagoya by 472 B29 bombers. 20 Japanese fighter planes shot down.

15th

US Forces launch attacks in Philippines.

Royal Navy in battle with Japanese in Malacca Straits.

22nd

Okinawa US Troops capture Conocal Hill and enter Yonabaru.

Himmler captured near Hamburg. Took cyanide.

23rd

UK coalition government ceases to exist. Socialists who have worked so well in the coalition during the war refuse Churchill's plea to extend it until the war against Japan is finished. Elections arranged for July 5th.

US attacks brings shipping at Yokohama to a standstill.

Russian Troops making a fuss of Churchill.

Russian Troops making a fuss of Churchill.

Himmler kills himself whilst in British custody.

Churchill resigns as Prime Minister after the Labour Party demands elections. Thus ending the highly successful war time coalition Government.

Churchill always considered himself the servant of the House of Commons - never its master.

27th

US Forces capture Santa Fe.

 

US Soldier removing a Street sign named Adolf Hitler 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Strasse.

US Soldier removing a street sign named Adolf Hitler Strasse.

June 1945

 

Churchill Truman and Stalin

Churchill Truman and Stalin at Potsdam.

10th

Australian Troops land on mainland at Brunei Bay.

German civilians forced to view death camps.

700 U boats were sunk by the Allies during the war.

12th

Eisenhower awarded Order of Merit and given Freedom of London.

13th

 

Russia Invades Manchuria as agreed with the Allies.

Russia Invades Japanese held Manchuria as agreed with the Allies.

Okinawa resistance at Oruku ends.
Ribbentrop captured by the British.

15th

Ban on troops fraternising is lifted.

16th

17th

China. Japanese troops withdraw from between Yellow and Yangstze Rivers.

18th

30,000 British troops demobilised a week.

21st

Philippines Aparri, the last Japanese port on Luzon falls to the US.

Belgium asks Leopold III to abdicate for his "grave and unpardonable errors".

After 85 days of fearful fighting Okinawa falls to US forces. 12,000 Americans and 110,000 Japanese lost their lives.

Allies decide on Nuremburg for war crimes trials.

22nd

Japanese surrender Tarakan.

 

The appalling plight that Allied Prisoners of War were 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  discovered in.

The appalling plight that Allied Prisoners of War were discovered in.

July 1945

 

 

2nd

 

Admiral Mountbatten and General MacArthur

Admiral Mountbatten and General MacArthur.

Mountbatten ordered to launch operation Zipper - the liberation of Malaya in August.

4th

General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines.

6th

 

Churchill at Victory parade in Berlin

Victory parade in Berlin.

14th

Italy declares war on Japan.

18th

Churchill and Truman arrive for Big Three talks at Potsdam.

Truman informs Churchill about the 16th July atomic bomb explosion in New Mexico.

21st

Truman and Churchill agree to drop atomic bomb on Japan if they do not surrender.

28th

Japanese reject demand for unconditional surrender.

Leaflets dropped on Japan demanding its surrender and warning the people to 'Flee or perish' if their leaders refused.

Truman orders A bomb to be dropped on Japan as soon as possible after the 3rd August.

26th

Churchill loses the election. Labour wins a landslide election victory and Attlee becomes Prime Minister.

In the hour of his defeat Churchill - though greatly upset - he nonetheless accepted the verdict of the electorate with grace.

31st

Big Three at Potsdam fall out over Russian and Polish plans.

August 1945

 

Japan

The invasion and defeat of Japan - which was thousands of miles from the Allies sources of supply - presented phenomenal logistical problems. There could be no guarantee of success and the loss of life on both sides would have been incredible - far far greater than those lives sacrificed by the Japanese in failing to surrender before the atom bombs were dropped.

The Japanese were warned in many leaflet raids what would happen if they did not surrender - they have only themselves to blame for being atom bombed.

 

 

Atom Bomb

Hiroshima

Hirshoshima

6th

Atomic bomb devastates Hiroshima.

8th

Russia declares war on Japan.

10th

Russian troops advance 120 miles in two days in Manchuria.

9th

Nagasaki destroyed by second A Bomb.

14th

Japan surrenders.

General Hideki Tojo

General Hideki Tojo was hanged in 1948 for war crimes. He ordered the attack on Pearl Harbour in 1941 when 1,177 servicemen were killed.

Churchill speaks in House of Commons about an "iron curtain" descending across Europe.

 

End of the War in the Pacific.

 

PEACE COMES TO THE WORLD

AFTER

THE MOST TERRIBLE WAR

IN THE HISTORY OF MANKIND.

************************

FINAL REVIEW

Mr Churchill

Speaks to the

HOUSE OF COMMONS

16th August 1945

Back Home!

Back home at last!

The price of Victory is 55 million dead

Millions homeless and starving

and every country bankrupted and in ruins

FOR WHAT?

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Illustrated Monthly Calendar of WWII.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street.

 

. .SCHOOL INDEX .

 CHRONOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Contact the society.

 

 

...................Ladybird.

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