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The Churchill Society
London.

It is odious to us
that governments should seek to maintain their rule
otherwise than by free unfettered elections
by the mass of the people.

Governments derive their just powers
from the consent of the governed,
says the Constitution of the United States.

This must not evaporate in swindles and lies propped up by servitude and murder.

Winston Churchill.

_____________________

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WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Monthly calendar of events between January to April 1945.

1945.

 

Alexander Chjurchill and Montgomery

Alexander, Churchill and Montgomery in Normandy.

January 1945.

4th.

 

Flying Fortress hit

Flying Fortress hit

US troops land on Luzon Island.

12th.

Red Army begins winter offensive with 163 Divisions in Poland and Prussia. Makes great advances.

14th

Gen Slim crosses the River Irrawaddy in Burma.

16th.

London to Paris Boat Train Service starts again.

13th

Russian Army waits outside Warsaw and refuses to come to the aid of the uprising.

20th.

 

President Roosevelt

Roosevelt - one of the greatest American Presidents - inaugurated for the fourth term.

24th

Warsaw falls to Marshall Zhukov.

27th

Russians 90 miles from Berlin.

30th

Churchill and Roosevelt meet in Malta prior to meeting Stalin at Yalta.

Red Army 40 miles from Berlin.

 

Tracers Shelling

Tracer shells silhouetting US Marine F4U Corsair Fighters at Okinawa

February 1945.

 

MacArthur leads US Troops into Manilla and free 5000 POWs

Japanese War Lord Admiral Nagumo

Admiral Nagumo was in Command of Japaense Carriers at Midway.

3rd

USAF drop 3000 tons of bombs on Berlin.

4th.

Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt meet in Yalta. Roosevelt is a very sick man.

Churchill take flight controls

Churchill take flight controls.

Himmler says German Commanders in Poland have been shot for cowardice and dereliction of duty.

9th.

 

Churchill Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta

The Big Three at Yalta.

President Roosevelt is clearly a very sick man.

Allies pour through Siegfried Line to Nijmegen.

14th.

 

Dresden destroyed by RAF Bombing.
Over 130,000 people killed.
The fiercest fire storm ever created by aerial bombardment.

This beautiful city was totally destroyed.

Destruction of Dresden

Please click here and see a pre-war photograph of this part of Dresden
(Download 300K).

Sculpture

Please click here and enlarge the above photograph.

Insert text

20th.

Roosevelt and Churchill meet in Cairo on way back from Crimea to plan war against Japan. Churchill promises all out support of USA Pacific Forces.

22nd

6,000 Allied bomber bomb German transport lines.

25th

Allies closing in on Berlin.

26th.

Indian Troops advance on Mandalay.

 

Marines go ashore a Iwa Jima

US Marines go ashore a Iwa Jima. It cost the lives of 7,000 US Servicemen.

22,000 Japaense defenders died to a man - an example of the cost that would have had to have been paid on both sides when invading Japan.

March 1945.

2nd

50 RAF bombers raid Cologne and German Army retreats from the Rhine.

7th.

US Army crosses Rhine at Remagean.

British capture Japanese base of Meiktila, cutting Burma in two.

Cologne falls to the Allies.

Centre of Tokyo destroyed by USAAF bombers.

8th.

Germans evacuate Danzig.

1,000 bombers flatten Krupps works in the biggest daylight raid.

26th.

Nazis in Nederlands kill 117 Dutchmen in reprisals.

V2 kills 110 people in London and injures 123.

9th

US forces capture Bonn.

10th

USAF raid on Tokyo kills over 80,000 people.

12th

RAF raid Dortmund and drop 4850 tons of bombs.

274 USAF Bombers wipe out 8.1 square miles of Osaka.

POW Camp in Singapore.

Appalling conditions in an Allied POW camp in Singapore.

Eichmann declares "I shall go to my grave happy in the knowledge that I have helped to kill off 6 million Jews".

15th

25,000 incendiary bombs and 6 000 HE bombs dropped by USAF on German Amy General Staff HQ Zossen.

16th.

307 USAF B29 bombers set 3 sq miles of Kobe alight killing or injuring 15,000 people.

All Japanese Schools and Universities closed and everyone over six years of age is ordered to do war work.

20th

General Eisenhower orders Patten not to advance towards Prague which he could have reached before the Russians.

21st

Speer (German Armaments Minister) tells Hitler the war is lost. Hitler insist he retracts these comments.

Musollini Hanged.

Musolini and his mistress are hanged by partisans in a garage forecourt in Milan.

Montgomery orders troops not to fraternise with locals.

Pope Pius XII attacks Nazi racial policies.

General Patten's US 3rd Army captures Mainz.

26th

Lloyd George of World War I fame dies.

 

USAAF Bombers attack Japan.

USAAF Bombers attack Japan.

 

April 1945

Admiral Canaris and General Hans Oster (German Military Intelligence) and Pastor Detrich Bonhoeffer hanged for "treason" in Germany at Flossenburg.

1st

US forces take Okinawa.

The Japanese War Lord General Yamaoto

The Japanese War Lord General Yamaoto.

7th

US forces sink largest Japanese Battleship the Yamamoto.

9th

US 9th Army take over Krupp Plant in Essen.

11th

British Troops in Burma capture Pyawbe opening the road to Rangoon.

12th.

 

Roosevelt dies aged 63.

Truman

Truman sworn in as President.

13th.

Eisenhower turns down his third chance to capture Berlin saying it is just a political prize!

13th.

Marshall Tolbukahn and the Red Army liberate Vienna.

15th.

British infantry capture Arnhem.

Allied troops liberate Bergen Belsen concentration camp.

 

To weak to survive liberation.

A victim of the concentration camp.
Poor, poor man - he was too weak to survive liberation.

16th

US troops take Colditz releasing 19,000 PoWs.

Capture Hamburg Leipzig and Nuremberg.

Soviet submarine sinks German Liner Goya in the Baltic - 6,220 refugees drowned.

Allied bombing destroys over 1000 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground as US troops reach Magdeburg.

Allied troops liberate Buchenwald concentration camp.

Churchill says "no words can express our horror".

17th APRIL 1945.

 

Churchill speaks about

The Death of

ENGLAND'S GREATEST FRIEND

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT

House of Commons
17th April 1945

 

18th

Goebbels burns his office files.

19th

US Forces capture Liepzig and British reaches the Elbe.

US Army breaks out of the Apennines into the Po delta.

US 3rd Army under Patten crosses Czech frontier.

20th

French Army take Stuttgart.

Allies take Nuremberg - scene of so many Hitler Rallies - on Hitler's 56th birthday.

Hitler retreats to his bunker with his mistress.

Hitler demands total destruction of German infra structure.

20th

 

 

Belsen

Belsen discovered by British Troops.

22nd.

Blackout ended in UK.

25th

US and Red Army troops meet on the River Elbe at Torgau.

28th

Mussolini and his mistress are executed and hung by their feet in a garage forecourt as the Allies take Milan.

29th

The war in Italy is over.

30th.

 

Red Army captures Berlin.

Red Army captures Berlin.

Hitler and his mistress commit suicide.

8,000 former inmates of the concentration camps who were transferred to ships rather than handed to the Red Cross by the Germans were drowned when the ships were sunk by the RAF.

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street

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