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The Churchill Society
London.

But in the long run - believe me,
for I know -
the action of the United States will be dictated,
not by methodical calculations of profit and loss,
but by moral sentiment,
and by that gleaming flash of resolve
which lifts the hearts of men and nations,
and springs from the spiritual foundations of human life itself.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Monthly calendar of events between September and December 1944.

1944

SEPTEMBER 1944

1st

Allies capture Dieppe and Arras and reach Belgium border.

4th

Allies capture Brussels and Antwerp and cross into Holland.

9th

First V2 Rocket drops on London - huge damage but only three people killed.

10th

Himmler orders the entire families of deserters to be killed.

Canadians capture Zeebrugge.

11th

Churchill meets Roosevelt.

Churchill meets Roosevelt.

US First Army under General Omar Bradley crosses German border.

Seven more German Generals hanged for Hitler bomb plot.

17th

Relaxation of blackout restrictions in UK.

SEPTEMBER 1944

17th

 

Troops capture Caen

Troops capture Caen in Normandy

Gliders landing near Arnhem

Invasion Gliders

Arnhem disaster begins.

Allies capture Boulogne.

Blackout restrictions lifted in the UK.

Germans Troops on the run on all fronts

22nd

USAF make first raid on Manilla.

US Marines capture Manilla

US Marines capture Manilla.

Red Army captures Tallinn in Estonia.

26th

Dr Mengele selects 1000 children to send to the gas chambers.

7,000 allied troops lost at Arnhem in attempting to seize three vital bridges.

28th

 

German civilians made to bury the Dead of Concentration camps.

German civilians made to bury the Dead of Concentration camps.

200 Gypsies are gassed at Auschwitz.

29th

British and Polish troops surrender at Arnhem after a 9 day heroic siege.

30th

Canadians turn Germans out of Calais.

October 1944

British forces land on Crete.

7th

7 homosexual prisoners are castrated in the name of medical research at Buchenwald.

Hitler orders the evacuation of Greece.

9th

Allies decide to form the United Nations (Washington)

Churchill arrives in Moscow for talks.

US Navy Aircraft Carrier in the Pacific.

US Navy Aircraft Carrier in the Pacific.

Allies surround Germans at Aachen and order them to surrender. Gestapo loot German homes.

Red Army enters Riga in Latvia.

14th

Rommel visited by Hitler's senior staff at his home and then commits suicide (to save his family) because he had been linked to the July plot. Official explanation of his death was killed by enemy action and given a state Funeral on the 17th October.

16th

Huge volume of personal and medical experiment records burned in the gas ovens at Auschwitz to conceal evidence.

Terrible food shortages in Germany.

Rival partisans fight for power in Greece.

October 1944

24th

 

US Navy crushes Japan in great sea battle in the Philippines.

Japanese War Lord Yamaoto

Japanese War Lord Yamaoto

US Navy crushes Japan in great sea battle in the Philippines.

US Navy crushes Japan in great sea battle in the Philippines.

US Forces land on Leyte in the central Philippines.

200 Dutch people herded into the Town Hall in Heusden by the Germans and then they blow it up.

Red Army and Marshall Tito capture Belgrade.

November 1944

Europe is in ruins with winter approaching with starving refugees and homeless people wandering all over it.

1st

Red Army capture Belgrade.

7th

De Gaulle demands a French Zone of occupation of Germany.

12th

Paris bestows the Freedom of the City upon Churchill. Receives stupendous reception.

RAF sink Tirpitz.

16th

Germans reported to have blown up Town Hall of Heusden with 200 people inside it.

17th

Red Cross visit Auschwitz but not able to inspect it properly.

 

Churchill inspects V2 Damage

Churchill inspects V2 Damage

Over a 100 V2 have land on London since the first arrived with huge damage and many deaths.

25th

A single V2 Rocket kills 160 in South London.

 

American bombers raid Tokyo.

Churchill meets commandos.

Churchill meets commandos.

 

General Patton's tanks enter Saar Basin.

30th

Churchill 70 years of age.

DECEMBER 1944.

3rd

Gen Patton crosses the Saar and reaches the Siegfried Line.

Iwo Jima in the Pacific heavily bombed by USAAF.

12th

Germans in large retreat over the Rhein.

9 members of the Gestapo sentenced to death in Paris.

 

"German troops are lost"

During the Watch am Rhein offensive. The officer on the left of the photograph may be Joachim Peiper, who commanded the I Panzer Corps task-force.

(Our thanks to Jonathan Wilde for this attribution).

20 million people homeless in Germany.

 

Kamikazi attack on US Warship

Kamikaze attack on US Warship.

US forces land in Mindoro in Philippines.

22nd

Battle of the Bulge near Bastogne. Set back to US Forces in Europe in very bad weather.

Red Army fights in Budapest and Hungary declares war on Germany.

25th

Churchill arrives in Athens to try and end the civil war.

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street

. .SCHOOL INDEX .

CHRONOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE MAIN INDEX

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...................Ladybird.

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