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The Churchill Society
London.

. . . . you have sometimes noticed
in your reading of British history
that we have had to hold out from time to time all alone,
or to be the mainspring of coalitions,
against a continental tyrant or dictator,
and we have had to hold out for quite a long time:
against the Spanish Armada,
against the might of Louis XIV,
when we led Europe for nearly twenty-five years
under William III and Marlborough,
and I50 years ago,
when Nelson, Pitt and Wellington broke Napoleon,
not without assistance from the heroic Russians of I811.

In all these world wars our Island kept the lead of Europe or else held out alone.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Monthly Calender of events between January and April 1943.

January 1943

1st

 

Russians squeeze German Army into pocket of 100 sq miles.

Japanese withdraw from Guadacanal after bitter fighting.

14th

Summit at Casablanca, Roosevelt, Churchill and military advisers Stalin refused to leave Russia because of fighting.

20th

Himmler demands more trains to wind up the extermination o the Jews quickly even though they are needed desperately ferry supplies to Eastern front.

23rd

Tripoli falls to Monty' s desert Army

18th

16th month long siege of Leningrad begins to crack

21st

Jews arms uprising in Warsaw Ghetto - only one survived the fighting.

23 British school girls killed in German Air Raid on Southern England.

 

Nazi Death Ovens

The unbelievable extermination of millions of 'undesirables' by German Nazi's.

30th

Two daylight attacks by RAF on Berlin.

FEBRUARY 1943

2nd

Germans surrender at Stalingrad. Field Marshal von Paulus surrenders to a Red Army lieutenant. 200,000 German troops killed or died of starvation and cold since Stalingrad was surrounded.

POWs on the Eastern Front.

POWs on the Eastern Front.

 

6th

Himmler receives an inventory of goods taken from murdered Polish Jews including 825 rail wagons of clothing for redistribution in Germany and a wagon full of women's hair.

7th

Hitler says that "If Germany loses the war the German people rather than the Nazi Party will be to blame.

8th

Himmler orders special arrangements to be taken at concentration camps to prevent mass break outs during air raids.

Churchill talks to Commandos.

Churchill talks to Commandos

Russians recapture Kursk.

12th

142 RAF bombers hit Milan.

Rostov and Voroshilograd recaptured by Red Army.

19th

Red Army captures Cracow. Red Army breaks German 16 month encirclement of Leningrad.

Allied troops take Tripoli in North Africa.

Red Army retakes Voroshilovsk.

24th

Eighth Army in pursuit of Rommel into Tunisia.

28th

9 British trained Norwegian commandos pulled off one of the most daring and difficult sabotage operations on German atomic weapons research laboratories.

Hitler orders mobilisation of German population from 16 to 65.

 

Churchill visits the Troops in North Africa.

Churchill visits the Troops in North Africa.

 

MARCH 1943

3rd

King reported to have a part time job in munitions factory.

178 people die in London Underground Shelter accident.

 

5th

Germans demand 100,000 forced workers from France.

9th

Government promises a unified National Health Scheme.

Nine Polish villages raised in reprisals for attacks on Germans.

 

US Navy in action.

US Navy in action.

MacArthur claims victory in Battle of Bismark Sea.

13th

German Army officers plotting the assassination of Hitler planted a bomb made from British plastic explosives aboard his plane. The bomb failed to explode. Detonator was a dud.

Germans re-enters Kharkov.

16th

U Boat pack sinks eight Merchant ships.

20th

Col: Rudolph von Gersdorff planned to blow himself up with the Hitler - but Hitler left early.

General Giraud in Algiers issues decree abolishing Nazi anti Semitic laws in France.

21st

 

Churchill broadcasts on his vision for Britain after the war -
it strikes Conservatives as socialist in tone.

23rd

Himmler told that 1,419,467 European Jews killed since beginning of the war.

25th

Der Sturmer - the Nazi Newspaper announces "the extermination of the Jews is in progress".

28th

Montgomery telegraphs Churchill 8th Army defeats Rommel at Tunisia

30th

973 civilians killed and 1,191 wounded in air raids since 1st January.

 

USAAF Attacks Japanse shipping in the Pacific

USAAF Attacks Japanese shipping in the Pacific

April 1943

17th

Germans finds Poles buried in Katyn forest mass grave.
A Russian peasant called upon the German Police at Katyn saying "The Poles are looking for their officers in Siberia . . but they lie here in the forest". The Germans dug up 4,100 Polish officers all shot in the back of the neck.

19th

Jewish uprising in Warsaw ghetto and drive 2,000 heavily armed SS Troops from the Ghetto.

21st

Roosevelt condemns Japanese execution of US PoWs and warns perpetrators will face trial after the war.

Government permits Church Bells to ring again.

30th

1.3 million forced labourers from occupied countries now working as slaves for Germany.

____________________________________________________________ __________

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calender for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Illustrated Monthly Calendars of WWII.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street

 

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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...................Ladybird.

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