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The Churchill Society
London.

"capitalism is the foundation of civilisation
and is the only means by which the population
can be supplied with the necessities of life".

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Monthly calendar of events between September and December 1941.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

1941.

September 1941.

 

Map of German Expansion by 1942

Map of German European expansion.

Germans forces within 30 miles of Leningrad.

1st

 

Jew Branded

All Jews over age of 6 ordered to wear yellow star with word Jew written on it.

 

Germans use carbon monoxide to kill mental patients and other undesirables in Auschwitz.

4th

Paris. Legion of French Volunteers join German army on Eastern front.

5th.

German forces complete occupation of Estonia.

6th

Nazis establish a large and small ghetto at Vilna in Poland.

Japanese government decide war preparations should be completed in six weeks.

7th

Execution of Pierre Roche, French Resistance fighter, in Paris.

6th.

 

German aircraft sink US merchant ship Steel Seafarer.

British submarine Upholder sinks Italian troop ships. 384 people drowned.

8th

Germans arrest 120 Jewish leaders in Paris as hostages for the murder of a German officer.

9th

 

STILL CAPTAIN OF OUR SOULS

Churchill speaks to the

HOUSE OF COMMONS

September 9, 1941

_____________

600,000 ethnic German Germans, residents of the Volga region, deported to Siberia.

RAF bombers heavily damage Berlin.

12th

 

German U Boats

German U Boats

U-boat torpedoes U.S. cargo ship Montana.

14th

Germans shoot 12 of Jewish hostages taken in Paris.

RAF unit arrives in USSR to aid Russian Air Force.

3,434 Jews murdered at Ponary in Poland.

16th.

Hamburg heavily bombed by RAF.

10 French hostages executed in reprisals.

Keitel orders 100 Russians to be executed for every German soldier killed by partisans.

18th

 

President Roosevelt

President Roosevelt

Roosevelt asks Congress for 6,000 million dollars for lend-lease.

British offer Radar top Russians.

19th

Canadian escort ship Levis sunk by U boat.

Kiev falls to the Germans.

Germans cut off the Crimea peninsula from the rest of the USSR

September 1941.

22nd

A squad of SS trained Ukrainian militia kill 28,000 Jews in Binnitsa.

First German U boat enters Mediterranean through straits of Gibraltar.

German soldiers massacre the entire population of Krasnaya Gora after partisans kill 3 German sentries.

29th

RAF bombers raid Stettin and Hamburg.

30th.

German troops in France ordered to send their blankets to German army in Russia.

Eastern Front German Generals alarmed at the level of depression and suicide amongst German soldiers.

 

War at Sea

War at Sea

US navy ordered to sink all German/Italian shipping found in home waters.

First batch of LIBERTY ships launched in USA. (Mass produced - each in 6 weeks!)

OCTOBER 1941.

1st

3,000 Jews shot dead in Ponary woods.

2nd

Lithuania. 2,146 Jews machine-gunned to death.

3rd

Nazis dynamite six synagogues in Paris.

Gandhi calls on all subjects of British Rahj to start a campaign of passive resistance.

Hitler tells a rally that Russia has been crushed "and will never rise again".

4th

Hitler warns Norway to co-operate or face starvation.

6th

100.000 Soviet troops taken prisoner and SS Adolf Hitler division captures most of Soviet ninth army at Berdyansk.

7th

Poland at Rovno 17,000 Jews stripped and shot dead in pits - those who refused to undress had their eyes gouged out.

8th.

Mud and rain severely hinder German progress on Russian front but take Orel.

 

27th.

Mussolini calls on Japanese to pull their weight by waging war on Britain.

9th.

Roosevelt asks Congress to arm US merchant ships.

10th

A German Referendum approving annexation in Luxembourg fails when 97 per cent abstain.

12th

LIBERATOR BOMBER

USAAF Liberator Bomber and crew.

Bombers make large scale raid on Nuremberg.

16th

500,000 men, women and children complete new defences around Moscow with 177 miles of trenches, 60 miles of anti-tank ditches and 5000 miles of barbed wire.

20th

Russian government leaves Moscow.

Resistance fighters assassinate Karl Holz in Nantes in France.

21st

Germans and local fascists massacre 2,300 Serbs for partisan attacks.

22nd

50 French hostages shot by the Germans for the killing of a German officer in Nantes.

A further 150 hostages shot in Bordeaux for the assassination of a German officer.

23rd

De Gaulle asks Resistance members to stop murdering German military personnel to avoid further retaliation against the French populace.

24th

Germans execute 50 hostages in Bordeaux.

Eichmann approves a scheme to gas Jews using exhaust fumes of specially adapted vans.

25th

Churchill condemns German reprisals.

Germans take Karkov in the Ukraine.

26th

RAF attacks Hamburg with 115 bombers.

Stalino is evacuated buy the Russians.

27th

Germans kill 290 Jews from an old peoples home in the first trial of a van specially adapted to suffocate them with exhaust fumes.

 

The Battle of the Atlantic

The Battle of the Atlantic

HMS Cossack torpedoed by U boat.

9,000 Jews including 4273 children massacred by Germans in Lithuania.

29th

 

Churchill visits his old School
Never give in. Never give in.
Never, never, never, never -
in nothing great or small, large or petty -
never give
in except to convictions of honour and good sense.
Churchill Harrow 1941.

30th

Roosevelt gives USSR 1000 million interest free loan.

RAF carries out a devastating raid on German Naval base at Aalesund in Norway.

31st

Hitler says that there are no Jews left in Lithuania.

261 killed, 361 injured in air raids over UK in October.

November 1941.

1st

US ambassador sends second telegram to Roosevelt warning that the Japanese are planning to attack an American target.

3rd

Germans capture Kursk (USSR).

4th

British woman who refused to sign up for war work fined £2.

7th.

Minsk (USSR) 12,000 Jews murdered and buried in mass graves outside city.

RAF bombers attack Cologne, Berlin, Mannheim.

8th

 

Germans surround Leningrad.

Germans occupy Yalta and complete the encirclement of Leningrad.

11th

Lend-lease extended to Free French.

12th

HMS Ark Royal and Argos succeed in delivering to Malta 34 hurricanes.

14th November 1941.

Churchill, writing to the Jewish Chronicle on its centenary "None has suffered more cruelly than the Jew by the unspeakable evils wrought by Hitler and his vile regime"

 

 

 

HMS Ark Royal

HMS Ark Royal sunk near Gibraltar

15th

Heedless of common sense - of even history - the German invaders of Russia discovered to their shock that due to extreme cold only 150 of their 10,150 tanks are operational. The absence of warm clothing for the soldiers caused thousands to suffer or die from frostbite.

18th

 

Red Army Fighting in the snow

In an act of tremendous heroism 11 Red Army engineers hold back 20 German tanks.

General Sir Alan Brooke takes over as Chief of Imperial General Staff.

19th

British and Commonwealth Forces begin major attack upon the Germans and Italians in North Africa.

20th

Rostov-on-Don falls to Germans. This was to be as far as the Germans invaded a distance from Berlin of 1000 miles.

Food rations cut for fifth time in two months. The plight of all defending the city was extreme. When the ice on the lake was strong enough supplies would be driven across - but not before thousands had died.

22nd November 1941.

 

Royal Navy MenoWar

The Royal Navy

HMS Devonshire sinks German raider Atlantis which had sunk 22 allied ships.

New Zealand troops re-take Bardia in North Africa.

24th

Germans forced to evacuate Rostov-on-Don.

HMS Dunedin sunk by U boat.

27th

Australian sloop Paramatta sunk off Tobruk, killing 138.

Red Army occupies Rostov-on-Dom.

30th

Field Marshall Gerd Von Rundstedt is sacked as commander of German Army after abandoning Rostov-on-Don in contravention of an order from Hitler never to withdraw.

 

 

December 1941

1st

Leningrad. 11,000 people die from cold and starvation.

Lithuania. Colonel Karl Jaeger of the SS reports to Hitler that his force has killed 23,000 Baltic Jews since June.

 

Appalling damage at Valetta

Appalling damage at Valetta

Malta. Island has its 1,000th air raid.

2nd

Tokyo. The Japanese Prime Minister rejects US proposals for peace and secretly orders bombing of Pearl Harbour.

 

Singapore

Battleships HMS Prince of Wales and Repulse arrive in Singapore to boost defences.

4th

Landgirls

Land girls
Parliament orders all women from 18 to 40 to register for war work.

5th

Japan assures USA that its build up of troops in Indochina is purely defensive.

Hitler halts Moscow offensive because of bad weather, and orders to leave Russia for Mediterranean.

Red Army launch major counter-offensive.

6th

HMS Perseus (submarine) sunk by a mine. Only one survivor who swims 10 miles to shore.

7th

 

Japan attacks Pearl Harbour

Japan attacks Pearl Harbour by air and its navy bombards Midway island.

The Japaense War Lord Responsible for the Pearl Harbour 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              attack. AdNagumo.Jpeg

Admiral Nagumo

The Japanese War Lord responsible for the attack on the US Navy in Pearl Harbour

It was the surprise (?) attack on USA Navy at Pearl Harbour that brought American public opinion round to the need to join the war and defeat Germany and Japan. It is claimed by some historians that Roosevelt knew about Japanese plans to attack the US Navy.

700 Jews in Kolo in Poland deported to Chelmno.

8th December 1941

Japan air force bombs US air base at Clark Field in Manila.
US islands of Wake and Gaum fall to Japanese.

Japan invades Thailand which surrenders.

Japan bombs Hong Kong.

Libya. Allies retake Sidi Rezegh and begin to relieve garrison at Tobruk.

9th

China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy.

Britain declares war on Japan.

10th

 

HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse

HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse

Japanese air craft sink HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse. Churchill says that for him this was the worst day in the entire war. Over 600 men drowned. It left the Pacific Ocean open to the Japanese Navy.

Japan takes Guam in Pacific.

11th

After receiving declarations of war from Italy and Germany the USA declares war on them.

12th

Japan invades Burma.

14th

HMS Galatea sunk by U boat off Alexandria.

15th

December 1941

Germans execute communist Gabriel Peri and 100 hostages in Paris.

 

Russians recapture Kalinin. The great encirclement battles of Kiev and Smolensk and the German defeat outside Moscow (bigger than Stalingrad) destroys so many tanks that they never recover from it.

Crimea. In 3 days Nazis have killed 14300 Jews.

British army attacks Rommel and his Afrika Korp at Gazala.

16th

Red Army captures Kalinin from German 9th army.

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street

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THE MAIN INDEX

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