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The Churchill Society
London.

. . . . even though large tracts of Europe
and many old and famous States have fallen
or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo
and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule,
we shall not flag or fail.
We shall go on to the end;
we shall fight in France,
we shall fight on the seas and oceans,
we shall fight with growing confidence
and growing strength in the air,
we shall defend our island,
whatever the cost may be,
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills,
.
we shall never surrender!

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Monthly calendar of events from

September to December1940.

1939 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

1940.

 

Wartime Poster

 

SEPTEMBER 1940

3rd.

Government approves compensation of up to £2,000 for each house destroyed by German bombers.

5th.

4,000 German troops believed drowned when British submarine torpedoes transport ship Marion.

Rumania government and Parliament dissolved and constitution suspended. Germans seize all Jewish business in Luxembourg.

8th.

 

Blitz on London

Blitz begins on London and kill 412 people.

 

9th.

Germany loses 27 planes over Britain in air battles.

11th

 

TO THE PEOPLE OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA

BROADCAST

11th September 1940

Churchill tells House of Commons that he expects Germany will try to invade next week.

15th.

Survey shows that two thirds of London people are getting under 4 hrs. sleep a night because of the bombing.

15th.

 

>

RAF wins 'The Battle of Britain' by destroying 61 German planes for the loss of 29.

Douglas Bader

Legless Fighter Pilot Douglas Bader

 

19th.

German invasion fleets starts to pull out of Channel ports.

21st.

 

The Underground Railway used as Air Raid Shelters

Permission to use Underground Railway Stations as bomb shelters.

 

23rd.

Himmler orders all gold teeth to be removed from dead camp inmates.

27th.

All Jews forced to carry special identity cards in France.

28th.

First of 50 old destroyers arrive from U.S.A.

29th.

Luxembourg incorporated into German Reich.

30th

Civilian casualties of Blitz this month are 6,954 killed and 10,615 hurt.

 

Rationing Notice

 

October 1940.

1st.

Jewish slave labour used to improve roads in Poland to Russia.

3rd

All Jews ordered to move in to Jewish district of Warsaw

Not under German pressure - the Vichy regime bans Jews from employment and the army.

4th.

Churchill asks Roosevelt to send ships to defend Singapore.

7th.

Algerian Jews deprived of their French citizenship

8th.

Churchill reports civilian deaths from air raids now fallen to 3,000 a week.

9th.

 

St Paul's Cathedral 

Bomb falls on St. Paul's Cathedral.

Mescherschidts

German War Planes over the Cliffs of Dover and Southern England

 

Churchill elected Tory Party leader - unanimously.

10th.

A German run plebiscite in Luxembourg shows that 97% of population opposes Nazi occupation of country.by abstaining.

11th

German raiders bomb Liverpool sinking 4 ships.

 

Marshal Petain 

Petain tells Frenchmen they must abandon traditional ideas of who is their ally and who is their foe.

12th.

Hitler postpones invasion of Britain to April 1941.

13th.

154 people killed in a shelter in Stoke Newington in a night bombing raid.

15th

Mussolini invades Greece.

 

War at Sea

War at Sea

City of Coventry destroyed and 64 people killed in Balham Underground Station when it was bombed.

16 million men in U.S.A.register for draft.

17th

R.A.F. bombers attack naval base at Kiel.

German air raids over England killed 1,567 people.

18th

Jews banned from public media, and all positions of authority in France.

21st.

 

CHURCHILL

"DIEU PROTEGE LA FRANCE"

 Churchill broadcasts to French people.

21st October 1940.

Liverpool suffers its 200th air raid.

Eggs to up to 4 shilling a dozen and purchase tax on all goods except food and children's clothes.

22nd.

5,000 German Jews deported to camps in France.

25th.

RAF bombs Berlin and Hamburg.

28th

U-boats sink S.S.Empress of Britain.

 

WWII British Battleships

The Royal Navy on Convoy Duty

 

NOVEMBER 1940

4th

First night since the Blitz began (on September 7th) that London was not raided.

11th

 

Dachau Prisoners 

Dachau. 55 Polish intellectuals executed in Dachau first official mass execution.

German guards violently break up patriotic demonstration by students at Arch de Triomphe.

12th.

Hitler issues 18th war directive to bring Spain into war and death by slow strangulation of Britain's convoy supplies.

13th.

Hitler orders invasion of Russia next May.

19th.

Germans execute a gentile for throwing bread over the wall of Warsaw Polish Ghetto.

23rd.

Southampton heavily bombed.

28th

 

Bomb damage

Churchill inspects air raid damage.

Liverpool suffers devastating air raids.

29th.

Liverpool suffers devastating air raids again.

30th

4,588 people killed and 6,202 badly injured in air raids in U.K. this month.

DECEMBER 1940.

8th.

 

Chuchill inspects the destroyed House of Commons.

Churchill inspects the destruction of the House of Commons.

 

House of Commons and Tower of London bombed.

11th

Birmingham heavily bombed

12th.

Sheffield heavily bombed.

17th.

Roosevelt announces lend-lease.

16th

RAF bombs Mannheim in revenge for Coventry - very little damage done.

Franco refuses to join Hitler an invade Gibraltar

20th

Liverpool bombed heavily again.

21st

Jews and Freemasons banned in Bulgaria.

25th

 

King and Churchill

The King and Churchill

Churchill gives King a copy of his one piece 'siren' suit. (A zip up warm suit invented by Churchill for emergencies during the bombing.

27th

Over 100 German bombers raid London.

Churchill inspects bomb damage

Note Churchill has no tie on.

Churchill HM King and Queen examine Buckingham Palace 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                      damage

Churchill and the King and Queen inspect Buckingham Palace Bomb damage.

29th

Fire watching in London made compulsory.

30th

Civilian Air Raid causalities in December 3,793 dead and 5,244 seriously injured .

Musolini and Hitler

Mussolini and Hitler.

________________________________________________________

 

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street.

 

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THE MAIN INDEX

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...................Ladybird.

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