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The Churchill Society
London.

"capitalism is the foundation of civilisation
and is the only means by which the population
can be supplied with the necessities of life".

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Monthly calendar of events from May to August

 1940.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Germany's borders Pre World War II

Germany's Borders in 1939.

Hitler's Empire

Hitler's Empire 1942.

1940.

 

Wartime Poster

 

MAY

1st.

 

Mussolini

Roosevelt pleads with Mussolini to stay out of war.

3rd

All Allied troops leave Norway.

6th

33 million pounds in gold arrives in London from Norway.

8th

Germany attacks Belgium and Holland.

9th

Chamberlain asks Labour Party to join him in a coalition government.

10th

 

Convoys

Churchill becomes Prime Minister and introduces the convoy system.

13th

 

BLOOD TEARS TOIL AND SWEAT

Churchill speaks to The House of Commons

13th May 1940

"I have nothing to offer but blood toil tears and sweat"

The War Coalition Cabinet

The War Coalition Cabinet.

TOP ROW.

Mr.Arthur Greenwood, Minister without Portfolio;
Mr Ernest Bevin, Minister of Labour,
Lord Beaverbrook, Minister of Aircraft Production,
Sir Kinglsey Woods. Chancellor of the Exchequer,

BOTTOM ROW.

Sir John Anderson, Lord President of the Council;
Mr Winston Churchill, Prime Minister.
Clement Attlee,
Lord Privy Seal,
Mr Anthony Eden, Foreign Secretary.

15th

Netherlands surrender to Germans

Churchill Broadcasts

BE YE MEN OF VALOUR

Broadcast

19th May 1940

23rd

Allies start to evacuate Boulogne.

Scientist R.V. Jones informs Government that intersecting radio beams can guide German bombers to their targets.

24th

 

Cabinet bunker in Whitehall 

The Cabinet Basement War Room

Allied Supreme War Council withdraw all forces from Norway 25th.

Hitler orders bombing of Britain.

25th

Allies fall back to Dunkirk.

 

Evacuation of Dunkirk begins

Evacuation from Dunkirk beaches begins.

 

27th

Butter rationing cut to 4oz, per person per week.

28th

7,800 men taken off Dunkirk beaches.

29th

47,300 men taken off Dunkirk beaches.

30th

53,820 men taken off Dunkirk beaches.

31st

68,000 men taken off Dunkirk beaches.

All signposts removed from crossroads in England.

JUNE 1940.

 

Hitler.

 

1st

64,420 men taken off Dunkirk beaches under heavy air attacks which sank 4 British ships

2nd

26,250 men taken off Dunkirk beaches.

3rd

254 civilians killed when 200 German bombers bombard Paris.

4th

Last ship leaves Dunkirk with 26,175 men. Total evacuated 338,226 men. (40,000 left behind).

 

DUNKIRK

"Wars are not won by evacuations"

Churchill speaks to the

House of Commons

4th June 1940

 

Evacuation from Norway takes place.

10th.

Paris government leaves for Tours.

 

Air Marshall Dowding 

Air Marshal Dowding of Battle of Britain fame.

Battle of Britain Commences.

12th.

Germany occupies Rheims and Rouen.

17th.

German forces pouring through Maginot line. Petain sues for peace.

Stalin invades Estonia and Latvia.

18th

De Gaulle broadcasts calling France to carry on resistance.

France asks Italy for armistice.

22nd

 

Hitlersd Triumphant 

Hitler jumps for joy.

France surrenders to a triumphant Hitler in the same railway

carriage as Germany surrendered 22 years earlier.

21st.

Italian soldiers push into France.

25th.

Germany starts ten days of official celebrations, France observes day of national mourning.

28th

 

Hitler in Paris 

Hitler sightseeing in Paris.

 

July. 1940

1st

French government moves to Vichy.

5th

Swedish Government signs agreement allowing Germany to use railways to move troops and supplies to and from Norway.

6th.

Submarine HMS Shark sunk by German anti-submarine forces.

10th.

German bombers Swansea, Falmouth and convoys in the Bristol and English channels.

14th.

Housewife's to hand over all aluminium saucepans.

THE WAR OF THE UNKNOWN WARRIORS

Churchill Broadcasts.

July 14, 1940

16th.

Hitler issues directive No.16 (Sea Lion) invasion of England.

Germany expels 22,000 French from Alsace Lorraine

19th.

 

Churchill's V for Victory 

Churchill's V for Victory.

Hitler issues a last appeal to "reason" to Britain.

20th.

The buying and selling of new cars in England is banned.

23rd.

Home Guard formed.

27th.

Two British destroyers sunk by air attack.

The RAF during the Battle of Britain.

August 1940.

1st.

Hitler sets date of invasion of Britain as 15th September.

Submarine HMS Spearfish is sunk.

2nd.

 

De Gaulle 

Vichy France sentence General de Gaulle to death in his absence.

12th.

Dover shelled.

13th.

All secret societies banned in France including Freemasons.

20th.

 

Churchill speaks

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

THE FEW

20th August 1940

120 RAF bombers attack targets in Germany, France, Belgium and Netherlands.

22nd.

MP's bitterly condemn British internment of aliens.

26th.

RAF makes its first bombing raid on Berlin.

26th.

Portsmouth Bomb damage.

Portsmouth heavily bombed.

28th.

Liverpool raided.

30th.

Airports at Biggin Hill and Luton attacked by German bombers and incendiaries dropped on London.

31st

 

Battle of Britain planes 

Vital RAF airfields in south eastern England, including Biggin Hill, Lympne, Mansten and Hawkstine are bombed out of action and 38 RAF planes destroyed.

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

1939.

 

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

 

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street.

 

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