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The Churchill Society
London.

. . . . but now one bond unites us all -
to wage war until victory is won,
and never to surrender ourselves to servitude and shame,
whatever the cost and agony may be.

This is one of the most awe-striking periods
in the long history of France and Britain.
It is also beyond doubt the most sublime.

Side by side,
unaided, except by their kith and kin in the great Dominions
and by the wide Empires
which rest beneath their shield,
the British and French peoples have advanced to rescue
not only Europe,
but mankind
from the foulest and most soul-destroying tyranny
which has ever darkened and stained the pages of history.

Behind them - behind us -
behind the armies and fleets of Britain and France -
gather a group of shattered States and bludgeoned races:
the Czechs, the Poles, the Norwegians,
the Danes, the Dutch, the Belgians -
upon all of whom the long night of barbarism will descend,
unbroken even by a star of hope,
unless we conquer,
as conquer we must;
as conquer we shall.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

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Monthly calendar
of events from
January to April 1940.

1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

1940.

 

Wartime Poster

 

JANUARY

The first months of the war were called 'The phoney War' because all seemed unexpectedly quiet in the UK. That was suddenly to change.

8th.

Wellington bomber fitted with electronic metal hoop successfully explodes sea mines

20th.

Gestapo shoots dead 250 Jews in woods outside Warsaw.

THE WAR SITUATION:

"The day will come when the joybells will ring again throughout Europe..."

Churchill Broadcasts

January 20, 1940

21st.

 

Hangings of Jews 

Pope condemns Nazi hangings in Poland.

24th.

Goering appoints Reinhardt Heydrich to "solve the Jewish question".

26th.

Jews forbidden to travel on railways.

30th

 

HIMMLER WITH HITLER

Himmler (left in photograph) deports 30,000 gypsies.

FEBRUARY 1940.

6th.

IRA bomb kills four people in Euston Station.

7th.

Two IRA men hanged in Birmingham for the bombing in Coventry when 25 people died.

14th

Five IRA bombs explode in Birmingham.

19th

HMS Daring Torpedoed with the loss of 157 lives.

28th

 

WIDTH=118

Dr. Goebbels tells neutral countries "Curb your public opinion". and warns Sweden against aiding Finland.

HMS King George V Battleship is launched.

March 1940

1st

Hitler orders invasion of Denmark and Norway.

2nd

British women urged to wear light coloured clothes because shortage of dark dyes for army uniforms.

6th

German aircraft bomb and machine gun two light ships.

7th

RAF fly to Poland to drop leaflets.

 

19th

British woman fined £75 (£1000 in 1995) for buying enough sugar for 140 weekly rations. She drives away from shop in a Rolls Royce.

23rd.

IRA prisoners stage a riot at Dartmoor.

26th

Stalin refuses to meet Hitler for talks on the Polish border.

APRIL 1940.

9th.

HMS Renown forces return to post of the Gneisenau and the Scharnhorst Warships

10th.

HMS Truant sinks German cruiser Karlsruhe.

11th.

British submarine Spearfish sinks the German cruiser Lutzow.

18th.

Submarine HMS Starlet sunk by Germans.

29th.

Rudolph Hoess installs 30 violent convicts to be camp guards in Auschwitz. (kapos).

U Boat

A German U Boat

 

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street.

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THE MAIN INDEX

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...................Ladybird.

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