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The Churchill Society
London.

We shall never turn from our purpose,
however sombre the road,
however grievous the cost
because we know that out of this time of trial and tribulation
will be born a new freedom and glory for all mankind.

Winston Churchill
July 14 1941

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War
1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

 It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

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The End of The Great War.

 

The End of The Great War.

1918 was a year of total disorganisation and sudden - almost unexpected victory. Britain and France - with newly arrived Americans - seemed almost to face defeat, when the Germans proved that trench warfare could be overcome: but their attacks petered out in total exhaustion and gave the Allies their chance to break out.

The Italians broke out and took huge numbers of German prisoners. Damascus fell to the Allies

An attack by the Allies through the well defended Hindenberg line was done with astonishing speed. This achievement has never been fully acknowledged. This victory led to the Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicating and going to live in comfortable retirement (!) whilst leaving to his politicians - who had little say in the war - to sue for a humiliating peace treaty.

British historians have long held the mistaken view that the first world world was a senseless waste of 908,371 young and older men and vast amount of national treasure.

For over 300 hundred years England had pursued a European policy of the  'balance of continental powers'  to ensure that neither Philip II of Spain, Louis XIV or Napoleon would control the Channel ports and thus threaten British shipping or mercantile fleets.

By 1914 Kaiser Wilhelm's II's Germany had built a high seas fleet capable of challenging the Royal Navy.

 "I believe war is inevitable with Britain . . . and the sooner the better" 

said Helmuth von Moltke in 1912 and the Kaiser agreed.  

'Jews and mosquitoes are a nuisance that humanity must get rid of in some way or another'

wrote Kaiser Wilhelm II.  

'I believe the best way would be gas!'.  

Germany under the Kaiser planned the invasion of France and Belgium with the intention of subjugating them.

The historian John Rohl claims the Kaiser expressed his intention to be to create

 'a united states of Europe under German leadership' 

Such an achievement would have spelled mortal danger for Britain.

Even fighting on two fronts, Germany in the early years of the war, defeated Russia.

(15 years late Hitler claimed that Germany had not been beaten but betrayed by weak democrats and thus the war broke out again in 1939 - and was to be known as The Second World War; during which millions of Jews and other peoples were sent to the gas chambers).

Let me finish this phase of our story of WHO WAS CHURCHILL? by quoting what the youthful Winston Churchill wrote in his second book - written long long before the Great War started.

"Year after year,  and stretching back to an indefinite horizon,  we see the figures of the odd and bizarre potentates against whom the British arms continually are turned.

They pass a long procession:  The Akhund of Swat;   Cetwayo,  brandishing an assegai (a spear) as naked as himself;  Kruger,  singing a psalm of victory: Osman Digna,  the Immortal and Irretrievable;  Theebaw,  with his Umbrella;  Lebengula,  gazing fondly at the pages of TRUTH ,  Prempeh,  abasing himself in the dust;   the Mad Mullah on his white ass;  and the latest of all,  the Khalifa in his coach of state.   It is like watching a pantomime scene at Drury Lane.

These extraordinary foreign figures - each with his complete set of crimes,  horrible customs and 'minor peculiarities' - march one by one from the dark wings of barbarism up to the bright footlights of civilisation.

For a space their names are on the tongues of men. The Sovereign on the Throne, the Minister in his Cabinet,  the General in his tent,  pronounce - or mis-pronounce - their styles and titles. A thousand compositors set out the same combination of letters for their newspapers. The street boys bellows their names in ours ears. The artisan laughs at them at night in his cottage. The child in the nursery is cajoled into virtue or silence by the repetition of the dread accents.

And then the world audience claps their hands,  amused, yet impatient,  and the potentates and their trains pass on, some to exile,  some to prison,   some to death."

There - in Winston's youthful prose - is a lively survey of Victorian encounters with hostile autocrats.

Even at this early age the young Churchill knew that over a far longer period of history than he wrote about in the above book, British forces had been measured upon far greater issues and against far more powerful autocracies.

He knew long before the Great War started that autocrats (and bureaucrats) who who seek to dominate the whole of Europe, will sooner or later come up against Britain's enmity.

For Britain has never allowed one man to to rule the continent. Nor will it permit it today. (Written in 1998)

Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended. Morevover, the experiences of the soldiers were so terrible, that of the the few who returned, none spoke of them for many many years.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

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THE STORY OF THE GREAT WAR.

1914.

The causes
of the Gt War.

1914.

Unfolding events
in the summer.

1914.

Autumn and early
winter

 

1915.

 

1916.

 

1917.

 

1918.

Armistice.

 

1919.

The aftermath.

The 1920's

 

. .SCHOOL INDEX .

 CHROOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Contact the society.

 

 

...................Ladybird.

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