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The Churchill Society
London.


We live in a terrible epoch of the human story.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?


CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

 It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

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1917

Admiralty Map showing Allied Shipping losses

Admiralty Map showing Allied Shipping losses to date by German U Boats.

JANUARY 1917

A serious food shortage in Berlin.

1st

Cunard Liner sunk by Germans in the Mediterranean with heavy loss of life.

FEBRUARY 1917

Women's Land Army founded.

24th

British retake Kut.

25th

HMS Laurentic sunk by German U Boat with loss of 350 lives.

MARCH 1917

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps founded.

8th

Commission of Enquiry lays part of the blame for the Dardanelles campaign failure on Lord Kitchener.

11th

British take Bagdad.

15th

Tsar Nicholas II of Russian abdicates.

18th

Ramsgate and Broadstairs shelled from the sea.Three US ships sunk without warning by German U Boats.
President Wilson calls a Special Congress to debate US relations with Germany.

26th

Second Battle of Gaza.

APRIL

5th

Food Strikes in Germany.

6th

America enters the war on the side of the Allies.

14th

Battle of Arras.

US Congress votes $7,000 million War Loan.

17th

German U Boats sink British Hospital Ships HMS Donegal and HMS Lanfranc.

19th

250,000 workers in Berlin end strike when promised better rations and a say in running of the Food Councils.

24th

US Government lends UK £200 million.

26th

German Naval Raid on Ramsgate.

27th

 

Convoys

Convoy system for merchant ships introduced.

MAY 1917

4th

HMS Transylvania torpedoed and sunk by German U Boats killing 413 persons.

23rd

French Army mutinies and strikes at factories in protest at the war.

26th

German air raids kill 76 civilians in bombing raids along the south coast.

JUNE 1917

7th

Winston Churchill re-enters government as Chairman of the Air Board.

17th

Nineteen huge mines exploded under German lines.

19th

330 majority in House of Commons in favour of votes to wives over the age of 30 years.

28th

German air raids kill 76 civilians in bombing raids along the south coast.

30th

King orders all German Titles to be dropped and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to become Windsor, and Battenburg to become Mountbatten.

JULY 1917

7th

37 die in German Air Raids on UK.

17th

Winston Churchill appointed Minister of Munitions.

23rd

Lloyd George says"peace can only be negotiated with the German people - not their leaders".

31st to November 10th

 

The Battle of Passchendaele

The Battle of Passchendaele begins.

31st July to November 10th.

"The endless rain competed with the guns - and the rain won".

The total battle loss of lives were 568.250 men.

300,000 British lives
8,250 French lives
260,000 German lives.

Nothing in history compared.

AUGUST 1917

20th

French break the German lines at Verdun and take 4,000 prisoners.

25th

German Court Martial sentences to death five sailors for mutiny.

SEPTEMBER 1917

3rd

German submarines shell Scarborough.
108 die in German Air Raids in Thames Estuary.

6th

Battle of the Marne begins.

German planes bomb Allied Hospitals killing many Americans.

13th

Battle of Aisne begins.

17th

Nine penny Loaf Order brought into force.

German government asks for boys of 15 to join the army.

22nd

Sinking of three Cressy Class Cruisers

Women's Hospital Corps Founded

 

Some of the War Poets.

Some of the War Poets.

Lawrence Binyon, Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves and Edward Thomas.

BLINDED SOLDIERS

"Does it matter? - losing your sight;
There's so much work for the blind;
And people will be kind . . . ".

 

OCTOBER 1917

19th

 

Burying the dead

Burying the dead.

 

24th

German violinist Fritz Kriesler refuses to play until the war is ended.

NOVEMBER 1917

25th

The Battle of Caporetto (In the Italian Alps and lasted into to November) with the Italian retreat.

US 'Rainbow' Division (representing every State) arrives at the Western Front under Colonel Douglas MacArthur.

31st

Third Battle of Gaza.

Naval Sweeping Crew

Naval Mine Sweeping Crew

DECEMBER 1917

9th

British capture Jerusalem.

6th

Canadians capture Passchendaele.

7th

The Russian Bolshevik Revolution

17th

£350,000,000 War Loan Bonds issued

20th to December 7th

 

First World War Tanks.

First World War Tanks.

The Battle of Cambrai. An eight mile wide attack with Tanks.

 

Helen Thomas

Wife of the poet Edward Thomas

Authoress of one of the most moving testimonies
of civilian life during the war.

DECEMBER 1917

22nd

British Indian Force occupies Basra.

16th

German Air Attacks on North Eastern Britain

21st

Began 3 days of German Sea Plane Air attacks on Dover.

25th

Royal Naval Auxiliary Sea Planes raid Cuxhaven Zeppelin sheds

Tank.

A brief summary of 1917.

Revolution took Russia out of the war and brought Communism into the world.
French forces mutinied and British influence in strategy became more important. The appalling failure to win the battles of Ypres - known now as Passchendaele - its objective - was to cause great suffering despondency.

1917 saw the Americans enter the war - but to little immediate effect. But by July 1918, 1,200,000 American soldiers were to be in Europe.

Bagdad fell to the Allies in March. In June the famous explosion of 19 enormous mines under the German lines proved a morale booster - as did the seizure by the British and Canadians of Vimy Ridge.

The Italians were forced back to the River Piave by the Germans.

In Cambrai, the British won a spectacular - but unexploited - battle with Churchill's new tanks and this caused the Church Bells to be prematurely rung in London.

Jerusalem fell to the Allies in in December.

 

Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended. Morevover, the experiences of the soldiers were so terrible, that of the the few who returned, none spoke of them for many many years.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

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THE STORY OF THE GREAT WAR.

1914.

The causes
of the Gt War.

1914.

Unfolding events
in the summer.

1914.

Autumn and early
winter

 

1915.

 

1916.

 

1917.

 

1918.

Armistice.

 

1919.

The aftermath.

The 1920's

 

. .SCHOOL INDEX .

CHRONOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE MAIN INDEX

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...................Ladybird.

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