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The Churchill Society
London.

. . . the unconquerable,
the inexhaustible adaptiveness and ingenuity of the British mind;
the iron, unyielding,
unwearying tenacity of the British character by which we live,
by which alone we can be saved,
and by which we shall certainly be saved -
and save the world -
these though fully realised by our foes abroad,
are sometimes overlooked by our friends at home.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?



CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War
1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

 It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

 

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Death WWI Scene

THE DUG OUT

Why do you lie legs ungainly huddled,
And one arm bent against your sullen cold
Exhausted face? It hurts my heart to watch you,
Deep shadow'd from the candle's guttering gold;
Drowsy, you mumble and sigh and shift your head . . .
You are too young to fall asleep forever;
And when you sleep you remind me of the dead.

The Poet Siegfied Sassoon

The Poet

Siegfried Sassoon

1916

JANUARY

Women's National Land Service founded.

25th

Conscription in Britain introduced for single men.

FEBRUARY

Women's Forage Corps founded.

21st to December

The Battle of Verdun commences.

A morbid tactic was invented by the Germans . They decided that a French city was to be attacked that had great symbolic meaning and historic value for France knowing that the French would do anything to prevent the Germans from conquering such a town, without looking at losses.

the plan was that by the use of continuous day and night artillery the French army would be bled white.

The inventor of this sinister plan was Falkenhayn and the place he chose was Verdun.

What happened at Verdun can never be adequately described - it was to scar the French psyche forever.

29th

Start of second campaign of the German unrestricted submarine warfare.

 

Royal Navy Men of War

The Royal Navy

MARCH 1916

Sinking of the Sussex by the German Navy.

APRIL 1916

24th

Germany calls off unrestricted U boat sinkings and ordered to work in accordance to international Prize Law.

24th

The Easter Uprising in Ireland.

29th

Kut falls to Turkish forces.

 

Terrible injuries

Appalling mental and physical war injuries were suffered on all sides of the fighting.

The name of this poor man is not known -
but we honour him - and all the others.

 

MAY 1916

16th

Conscription in Britain introduced for married men.

25th

Gotha raid on Folkestone.

31st to June 1st

Battle of Jutland.

 

 

JUNE 1916.

In June 1916 Churchill left the army and went back to Parliament as a private member because the politicians in Parliament were disagreeing about almost everything, and he knew how disastrous that was when fighting a war.

4th

HMS Hampshire sunk by a mine off the Orkney Islands.

Alexi Brusilov, Commander of the Russian Army on the Southern front, pushed back the Austrian Army 60 miles.

5th

Lord Kitchener drowned.

Grand Sherif Hussein of Mecca launches the Arab Revolt.

13th

Zeppelin SL 11 shot down at Cuffley.

28th

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarjevo.

JULY 1916

Zeppelin Airship Bombs London.

London County Council Ambulance Corps staffed entirely by women.

1st to November 18th

The Battle of the Somme commences.

23rd

AUGUST 1916

Horses fast in mud

The hideous suffering by horses during the first world war
was the equal or worse
to that suffered by the soldiers on both sides.

There was not a thing the ordinary British 'Tommy' -
or German soldier - could do about it.

1st

2nd

Peace meetings are held in 35 German cities.

3rd

 

Women Despatch Riders

Women Despatch Riders

4th

5th

English composer George Butterworth killed.

SEPTEMBER 1916

3rd

Zeppelin raids on London kill 2 and injure 13 persons. One airship shot down.

OCTOBER 1916

24th

Second Battle of Verdun begins.

8th

 

Germans help French soldiers trapped in mud.

Germans help French soldiers trapped in mud.

31st

British casualties for the last three months are 350,000.

NOVEMBER 1916

29th

Somme dead to date:- Allies 500,000. Germans 650,000 - for not a mile of territory.

DECEMBER 1916

6th

Bucharest falls to the Central Powers.

7th

Germans reported to have deported one million Poles for forced labour.
Asquith resigns as Prime Minister. Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister

 

Lloyd George and Churchill

David Lloyd George (Left) becomes Prime Minister.

8th

Battle of the Falkland Islands.

11th

Ministry of Labour formed.

16th

German Air Attacks on North Eastern Britain.

15th

 

Death toll at Verdun to date. 364,000 Allies and 338,000 Germans - for no progress.

21st

Began 3 days of German Sea Plane Air attacks on Dover.

22nd

Ministries of Food, Pensions, and Shipping founded.

25th

Royal Naval Auxiliary Sea Planes raid Cuxhaven Zeppelin sheds.

31st

Battle of Verdun (began on February 21st) ends with the French losing 377,000 dead and the Germans 337,000 - a total loss of life of 714,000 men - and not an inch of ground had been given by either side.

A brief summary of 1916.

1916 was a year of killing. The battle of Verdun was to forever scar the French nation. For the British, the Somme was to be likewise. The volunteers spirit of patriotism died in 1916 as a consequence of the appalling casualty figures and failure to make any progress. Conscription came into force for the very first time since the press gangs.

The Russian General Brusilov launched a successful offensive against the Germans but in the end was forced back; but not before he had broken the spirit of the Austro-Hungarian army. Russian and Austria-Hungary were fatally weakened as a result and both nations eventually collapsed as a consequence of this conflict.

The Battle of Jutland produced no clear naval victory but no-one at the time foresaw that the German surface fleet would never seek combat again.

In the Middle East, the army that marched on Baghdad were forced to surrender at Kut, and June saw the Arabs rise in revolt against the Turks.

Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended. Morevover, the experiences of the soldiers were so terrible, that of the the few who returned, none spoke of them for many many years.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

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THE STORY OF THE GREAT WAR.

1914.

The causes
of the Gt War.

1914.

Unfolding events
in the summer.

1914.

Autumn and early
winter

 

1915.

 

1916.

 

1917.

 

1918.

Armistice.

 

1919.

The aftermath.

The 1920's

 

 . .SCHOOL INDEX .

 CHRONOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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THE MAIN INDEX

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...................Ladybird.

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