These pages have been designed using Internet Explorer - they may not display correctly in other Browsers.

The Churchill Society
London.

This century has witnessed the spreading
of a generous sentiment of humanitarian sympathy,
and has also seen the creation of engines and machinery
of destruction of monstrous and devilish perfection.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?


CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

Search the web site.

Contact the society.
Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War
1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

 It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography

_______________________________

1915

 

 

In 1915, when Churchill realised that the terrible slaughter and fighting stalemate along the entire Western Front of mud entrenched soldiers could never be resolved, he fought in cabinet for a landing of troops in the Dardanelles.

The Bosphuras

It was a campaign aimed at forcing the straits and opening up direct communications with Russia. The aim in supporting Russia was that Germany would be forced to fight on two fronts at the same time and so bring the war to a swift end.

JANUARY

19th

Zeppelin raids on King's Lynn and Yarmouth, first casualties.

24th

Naval Battle of the Dogger Bank.

FEBRUARY

 

Decaying Horse blasted into a tree

A decaying horse blasted into a tree.

Women's Police Service founded.

3rd

Turks occupy Sinai.

4th

Germany announces blockade of British Isles.
London announces causalities in the war to date are 104,000.

5th

Russians kill 30,000 Germans on the Eastern front.

Germans surround Russians on the Eastern Front and take 100,000 prisoners.

18th

German Naval blockade of Britain begins.

19th

Combined British and French fleet attempt to force the Dardanelles.

22nd

 

Torpedoed Merchantship.

Germany commences campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare.

MARCH 1915

10th to 13th

 

Aftermath of Shelling

Battle of Neuve Chapelle.

18th

The Dardanelles. Attempt to force the Narrows fails.

APRIL 1915

 

Corpses lay in all the craters

Corpses lay in all the water filled craters.

9th

Allied offensive in Artois; Battle of Aubers Ridge.

14th

Battle of Festubert

22nd to May 5th

Second Battle of Ypres; first use of gas by the Germans.

 

Shell Damage at Ypres

Shell Damage at Ypres

MAY 1915

7th

German submarines sink the passenger British ocean liner the 'Lusitania' with the loss of 1,198 lives.

15th

Lord Fisher resigns as First Sea Lord.

25th

Coalition formed under the Prime Minister H.H.Asquith.

31st

First Zeppelin raid on Yarmouth.

 

Zeppelin damage in Yarmouth

Zeppelin damage in Yarmouth

JUNE 1915

Russians retreat through Poland.

Churchill forced to resign as Lord of the Admiralty because of the Gallipoli/Dardanelle fiasco.

Armenian genocide.

JULY

Ministry of Munitions formed, and Women's Legion founded.

20th

London announces casualties in war reach 330,995.

AUGUST 1915

 

Scenes of War

Scenes of War

6th

British landings at Suvla Bay Gallipoli.

19th

Major General Trenchard ('father' of the future RAF) takes over Royal Flying Corps.

21st

London announces casualties in war reach 381,983.

SEPTEMBER 1915

 

Lloyd George and Churchill

Lloyd George and Churchill.

17th

Zeppelin Bomb damage on London.

25th

Allied offensive in Artois and Champagne and the first use of gas by the British at the Battle of Loos.

OCTOBER 1915

Evacuation of the Dardanelles was ordered in the autumn of 1915 by Admiral J.M. de Roebuck and Churchill is dismissed from the Admiralty.

Churchill comes under sustained, bitter and heavy political attack for the failure of this expedition. Historians consider this unjust, and that had he had be given proper control, the plan would have succeeded.

Trenches

Churchill was deeply affected by the terrible loss of life on both fronts - so much so that his wife said that his tears, grief and sense of responsibility were so great that she feared for his mental and physical health.

5th

Allied troops land at Salonika.

12th

Bombing raid on Mauser factory at Oberndorf by Royal Naval Aircraft Service and French aircraft.

12th

 

Nurse Edith Cavell was executed
by the Germans for aiding
British soldiers to evade capture.

29th

10,000 people attend Nurse Edith Cavell's Memorial Service in St Paul's Cathedral.

31st

1.5 million Jews are reported starving in Russia.

NOVEMBER 1915

 

Struggling in mud.

Struggling in mud.

Home Office and Board of Trade founded.

15th

Churchill resigns as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and goes to serve at the front as battalion commander.

22nd

Battle of Ctesiphon (Mestopotania).

DECEMBER 1915

. . . . . . .

For burial..

For burial.

12th

Hugo Junkers builds the first all metal aeroplane.

14th

Reports that Turkey has killed 1,000,000 Armenians.

30th

400 passengers die when P and O Liner Persia is torpedoed by German submarine.

A brief summary of the year 1915.

It was a year of frustration. Weeks at a stretch in the trenches became a cruel way of life and attempts to break out of them and advance caused immense causalities and made no progress. Civilians were for the first time dragged into the battle as a consequence of air raids, and poison gas (first used by the Germans) was then used by both sides. The famous liner the   Lusitania  was torpedoed by the Germans with huge loss of life and caused immense resentment in Britain and the USA.

The Dardanelle campaign was launched at Churchill's insistence - but not under his command - to try and break the military deadlock by relieving Russia via the Sea of Marmara - ie by forcing the straits - in fact challenging Turkey - Germany's eastern ally. It was badly led and failed with huge loss of life and materials.

It was during 1915 that the future role women were to play in the 20th century was to forever be radically changed.

Flanders PoppyThe purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

Month by month factual and photographic calendars of the Ist World War

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended. Morevover, the experiences of the soldiers were so terrible, that of the the few who returned, none spoke of them for many many years.

Explanatory notes are given against some of these dates, but to read about particular battles or political events please go to Bibliography.

___________________

THE STORY OF THE GREAT WAR.


 

1914.

The causes
of the Gt War.

 

1914.

Unfolding events
in the summer.

1914.

Autumn and early
winter

 

1915.

 

1916.

 

1917.

 

1918.

Armistice.

 

1919.

The aftermath.

 

The 1920's


. .SCHOOL INDEX .

 CHRONOLOGY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE MAIN INDEX

Search the web site.

Contact the society.

 

 

...................Ladybird.

__________________

Back to the top

Why not Bookmark this Page?

TO BECOME A MEMBER OF THE CHURCHILL SOCIETY.

To purchase an 80 minute CD of
Churchill's War Time Speeches
(one is given free to new members)

 

To purchase a Bust of Churchill.

Churchill Bust

 

To purchase the Double CD (or Tape Cassette)
of
Rutherlyn's

THE CHURCHILL MUSIC.



Reviews of The Churchill Music.

 

CLICK HERE.

(All the profits go towards the society's educational work).

_________________

DISCLAIMER

THE CHURCHILL SOCIETY

Internet pages provide general information only.

Whilst we make every endeavour to check our facts, mistakes do occur.

The society cannot be held liable for any special, direct, indirect or consequential damages.

It is your responsibility to verify the accuracy of any information supplied by e mail
or contained on any of these pages.
__________